Underworld: The Mysterious Origins of Civilization

Underworld: The Mysterious Origins of Civilization

by Graham Hancock

In this explosive new work of archaeological detection, bestselling author and renowned explorer Graham Hancock embarks on a captivating underwater voyage to find the ruins of a mythical lost civilization hidden for thousands of years beneath the worlds oceans.

Guided by cutting-edge science, innovative computer-mapping techniques, and the latest archaeological scholarship, Hancock examines the mystery at the end of the last Ice Age and delivers astonishing revelations that challenge our long-held views about the existence of a sunken universe built on the ocean floor.Filled with exhilarating accounts of his own participation in dives off the coast of Japan, as well as in the Mediterranean, the Atlantic, and the Arabian Sea, we watch as Hancock discovers underwater ruins exactly where the ancient myths say they should besubmerged kingdoms that archaeologists never thought existed.

  • Language: English
  • Category: History
  • Rating: 3.94
  • Pages: 784
  • Publish Date: October 28th 2003 by Three Rivers Press
  • Isbn10: 1400049512
  • Isbn13: 9781400049516

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It makes sense that human beings sailed and settled all over the world in the past 20,000 years and mapped it and observed the stars.

-LCM ( Last Glacial Maximum) is referred to the time between 22000 years and 17000 years back, when the ice sheets were at their maximum cover -Palaeo-lithic or Old Stone Age refers to all history before 12000 years ago. The Indian hypothesis: North India: -At the end of the Ice Age, a costal civilization on the Western shores (may be in the present day Gulf of Cambay/Khambat where an underwater city spreading 9 km has recently been discovered in 2001 and wooden pieces from the site has been carbon dated to 7500 BC) who memorized the Vedas from an earlier epoch and practiced Yoga, and was lost by the Great Global Floods. -That the Vedas were written by the ancients of Indus-Saraswati civilization, rules out the theory that Europeans called as Aryas once migrated to India and took control and therefore are the creators of these ancient texts such as Vedas, Mahabharata, Ramayan, Puranas etc. South India: -An ancient civilization called Kumari Kandam once spread upto 1500 km into the Ocean, from present day Kanya Kumari upto a much larger Maldives. The Malta hypothesis: -An ancient palaeo-lithic civilization once lived on the Plaines of Europe, well skilled with building megalithic structures with astronomical precision, and at the end of the Ice Age between 17000 years ago and 12000 years ago, they migrated to the warm climate of the southern point of Europe- via Italy, Sicily -to the present day disjointed island of Malta. The Japanese hypothesis: -Japan, the land beloved of the Gods, is one of those rare lands which did not suffer the complete annihilation of its ancient culture at the end of the Ice Age due to reverse floods and tectonic re-adjustments between 17000 & 7000 years ago. Japan was home to the Jomon who inhabited that land some 16500 years ago, deep in the palaeo-lithic pre-history. all point to a place under the sea somewhere between Okinawa, Taiwan and the Yellow Sea. Theories not fully developed: There are few theories that demand a detailed treatment: -The ancient landmass of Sunda Shelf that covered the present geographies of Malaysia & Indonesia: what are their myths and ancient civilization. A strong cocktail of geology, archaeology, pre-history, mythology, ancient texts and maps, and science of inundation mapping; the book grips the reader in its flow with every swirl of its audacious sweep of pre-history.

It's not that he failed to provide to any evidence in Fingerprints, there were many ideas presented, but a lot of it was simply conjecture. But in Underworld: The Mysterious Origins of Civilization, Mr. Hancock presents a far more compelling physical argument for his original thesis, backing up his original concept with field research and real world observations. Often in dealing with esoteric and speculative books, I use the phrase "won't change a skeptical mind" but honestly, Underworld could change an open, skeptical mind, especially when his early first decade finds are coupled with other discoveries that are coming out on a regular basis, suggesting that prehistoric human civilization is far older and more complex than previously thought.

Increasingly, there are more and more sites discovered and realized as important clues to our lost human history on land. I would have liked to have seen more detailed drawings of the sites explored in this book as it is often difficult to imagine the layout just by a verbal description, though Graham does a marvelous job. While reading this book, at several times I would pause to wonder what this world would be like if we were to pool our resources more in the direction of Mr. Hancock's queries and less in the multitude of destructive endeavors which suck our finances and souls into their depths.

Volevo sperare che dopo Impronte degli Dei (non menzioniamo le altre sconcezze che quest'autore ha pubblicato, come quella del volto di Marte, che evoca un po' la psicofonia: in una fotografia il cervello umano che funziona per elaborazione di dati in forma di mappa mentale, vede un po' quello che ci vuole), il suo stile e le sue conoscenze andassero migliorando, ma alla fine mi sono dovuto ricredere. Di per sé le strutture ormai sommerse, che stanno su un fondo dai 20 ai 100 metri sotto il livello del mare, sono un ottimo indice di una società umana in grado di costruirle. Parla delle strutture delle isole tra Cina e Giappone, dicendo che sono di diecimila anni precedenti alla data in cui scrive, senza avere idea che gli archeologi moderni hanno già trovato riferimenti a strutture già esistenti e databili il 1500/1600 d.C. Scende prima sul personale perché sua moglie, beh sua moglie è indiana, ergo ... Mappe che l'autore persiste a voler confrontare con dati ottenuti al computer (come faceva in Impronte degli Dei) in simulazioni che hanno scarsa attinenza al reale (dire che il livello dei mari era "boh forse 20 metri inferiore?" 10 mila anni fa, non vuol dire assolutamente nulla senza prove che lo confermino o senza prove che stabiliscano esattamente di quanto durante l'era glaciale gli oceani erano più bassi). Ho guardato la mappa di Reinal del 1502, che secondo l'autore è presa da mappe disegnate quando gli oceani erano più bassi, e mi sembra una ripetizione di quanto diceva invece della carta di Piri Reis. Ho guardato quella mappa e l'ho confrontata con le foto satellitari e le differenze semplicemente stanno nel fatto che l'autore o consapevolmente legge male le distanze (sono un architetto e mai in vita mia ho visto nella stessa mappa una differenza di scala da una parte all'altra della stessa...), oppure non è in grado di leggere una carta. Ma ciò non vuol dire che sia presa da una di diecimila anni fa. E poi parliamo di Hancock, in Impronte degli Dei (e ha avuto il coraggio di lamentarsi che negli anni '90 hanno sparlato di lui in tv) dice che la carta di Piri Reis rappresenta l'antartide priva di ghiacci senza rendersi conto o non voler vedere che: a) si vede la penisola iberica chiaramente e dunque l'Europa; b) se è stato al Topkapi di Istanbul (cosa di cui dubito, visto che Hancock è un finto studioso) qualche guida gli avrà spiegato che Piri Reis scrive in turco che la carta è presa dai portoghesi che hanno disegnato il sudamerica. Dopodiché parla delle isole del Giappone, delle strutture sommerse, della società Jomon.

Nevertheless I was happy with this book until I realized that he WAS misrepresenting himself as an explorer of uncharted territory. I was furious when I realized that the writer was lying to me, deliberately overlooking contrary evidence, including wide swaths of historical and archaeological evidence. While the writing is enjoyable, and the basic idea - that perhaps ice age civilizations can be found under water - is compelling and reasonable, I hate writers who misrepresent their case to a general audience.

Mr. Hancock explores under water coastal areas of India, Malta, Japan, etc in this book...for evidence of ancient civilizations. Hancocks research is all spelled out in this book complete with many maps of the world before, after and during ice age melting over the last 20,000 years.